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Securing Arizona's Water Future


Land Ownership in the Salt River Basin

Land ownership, including the percentage of ownership by category, for the Salt River Basin is shown in Figure 5.2-2.  Principal features of land ownership in this basin are the large contiguous parcels of forest service and tribal lands. A description of land ownership data sources and methods is found in Volume 1, Appendix A.  More detailed information on National Parks, Monuments and Wilderness Areas is found in Section 5.0.4.  Land ownership categories are discussed below from largest to smallest percentage in the basin.

Indian Reservation

  • 59.4% of the land is under tribal ownership.
  • The basin includes two reservations, the Fort Apache Reservation in the north-central portion north of the Black River and the San Carlos Apache Reservation in the south-central portion of the basin.

  • All tribal lands are contiguous.

  • This basin contains the largest percentage of tribal lands in the planning area.

  • Land uses include domestic, commercial, recreation, timber and ranching.

Click to view Figure 5.2-2

Click for Figure 5.2-2 Salt River Basin Land Ownership

National Forest

  • 38.6% of the land is federally owned and managed by the United States Forest Service (USFS). 
  • Forest lands in the basin are part of the Tonto and Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests.

  • The basin contains approximately 236,000 acres in five wilderness areas, four in the Tonto National Forest and one in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest.  Wilderness areas in the Tonto include the 18,515-acre Salome Wilderness, 21,007-acre Sierra Ancha Wilderness, a significant portion of the 160,135-acre Superstition Wilderness and the 32,088-acre Salt River Wilderness.  A portion of the 11,336-acre Bear Wallow Wilderness in the Alpine Ranger District of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest is also located in the basin. (see Figure 5.0-13)

  • There are numerous small private in-holdings in both forests.

  • Land uses include recreation, grazing and timber production.

  • There are numerous small private in-holdings in both forests.

Private

  • 1.5% of the land is private.
  • The majority of the private land in the basin is in the vicinity of Miami/Globe and around Young.  There are also numerous small private land in-holdings in the Tonto and Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests.
  • Land uses include domestic, commercial, mining and ranching.

U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

  • 0.2% of the land is federally owned and managed by the Safford Field Office Bureau of Land Management.
  • All BLM lands are in the vicinity of Miami and Globe.
  • Primary land uses are mining and grazing.

State Trust Land

  • 0.1% of the land in this basin is held in trust for the public schools under the State Trust Land system.
  • All state land is in the vicinity of Miami and Globe.
  • Primary land use is grazing.

National Park Service (NPS)

  • 0.1% of the land is federally owned and managed by the National Park Service as the Tonto National Monument, located in the southwestern portion of the basin near Roosevelt.
  • Primary land use is cultural preservation and recreation.

Other (Game and Fish, County and Bureau of Reclamation Lands)

  • 0.1% of the land is owned and managed by the Arizona Game and Fish Department.
  • All “other” land is located north of the Greenlee and Apache County line.
  • Primary land use is unknown.

 

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Download pdf of entire Central Highlands Planning Area Download pdf of the Salt River Basin

References and Supplemental Reading for the Salt River Basin

Colorado River Central Highlands Planning Area Download entire Central Highlands Planning Area Atlas in pdf Salt River Stream on White Mountain Apache Reservation